Insulin Therapy in Obese, Non-insulin-dependent Diabetes Induces Improvements in Insulin Action and Secretion that Are Maintained for Two Weeks After Insulin Withdrawal
The effects of rigorous insulin treatment on insulin action (insulin clamp) and secretion (plasma insulin response to glucose) were studied in 13 obese patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Improvements were documented in fasting (P < 0.0001) and postprandial (P < 0.0001) plasma glucose concentrations, insulin secretion after oral glucose (P < 0.001), and insulin action (P < 0.005) after 30 days of therapy. Mean integrated plasma insulin response to glucose increased 2.5-fold after insulin therapy, but this improvement varied considerably from patient to patient. Insulin action also increased with insulin treatment and the resulting values were no longer significantly different from a weight- and age-matched group of subjects with normal glucose tolerance. However, there was considerable patient-to-patient variation in the degree to which insulin action was enhanced. The insulin-induced improvements in glucose tolerance persisted for at least 2 wk after insulin withdrawal, and were associated with continued increased insulin secretion and insulin action. In conclusion, control of hyperglycemie for 1 mo led to improvements in both insulin secretion and action in a series of obese patients with NIDDM that persisted for at least 2 wk after cessation of therapy.
- Accepted September 7, 1983.
- Copyright © 1984 by the American Diabetes Association