Glycated cholecystokinin-8 has an enhanced satiating activity and is protected against enzymatic degradation.
Monoglycated cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) (glucitol-Asp1 adduct) modified at the NH2-terminus was prepared under hyperglycemic conditions, purified by high-performance liquid chromatography, and characterized by mass spectrometry (Mr 1228.4 Da) and peptide sequencing. CCK-8 (100 nmol/kg, i.p.) significantly (P < 0.001) reduced voluntary food intake of fasted mice for up to 30 min after its administration, compared with saline-administered controls. Glycated CCK-8 reduced food intake at 30-120 min (P < 0.01 to P < 0.001) and significantly reduced feeding compared with CCK-8 from 60 to 120 min (P < 0.01). In vitro plasma degradation studies indicated that glycated CCK-8 was resistant to the normal rapid enzymatic conversion to CCK fragments. This study demonstrated that CCK-8 is a potent short-term inhibitor of food intake, and that structural modification of this peptide by amino-terminal glycation leads to enhanced satiating activity, partially due to increased resistance to serum aminopeptidase degradation.