Diabetes Antibody Standardization Program: First Assay Proficiency Evaluation

  1. Polly J. Bingley1,
  2. Ezio Bonifacio2,
  3. Patricia W. Mueller3 and
  4. Participating Laboratories
  1. 1Division of Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, U.K.
  2. 2Istitutio Scientifico San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
  3. 3Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia

    Abstract

    The aims of the first proficiency evaluation of the Diabetes Antibody Standardization Program (DASP) were to assess general implementation of assay methods and to evaluate the new World Health Organization (WHO) reference reagent for autoantibodies to GAD and IA-2. Forty-six laboratories in 13 countries received coded sera from 50 patients with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes and 50 blood donor control subjects, together with the WHO reference reagent and diluent serum. Results were analyzed using receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves. Sensitivity was adjusted to 90% specificity in workshop controls. The median adjusted sensitivity for GADA (45 laboratories) was 84% (range 62–96%), for IA-2A (43 laboratories) was 58% (50–74%), and for insulin autoantibody (IAA; 23 laboratories) was 36% (13–66%). ROC curve analysis showed all GADA and IA-2A assays, and 18/23 IAA assays found significant differences between patients and control subjects. There was good concordance between laboratories in ranking of samples by GADA and IA-2A levels or if results were expressed in relation to the WHO reference reagent. Assays that achieved the highest sensitivity for IAA were also concordant in ranking samples, but overall concordance for IAA was poor. Differences in assay protocols between laboratories must be addressed so that all centers and kit manufacturers can perform to the same high standard.

    Footnotes

    • Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. Polly J. Bingley, Diabetes and Metabolism, Medical School Unit, Southmead Hospital, Bristol BS10 5NB, U.K. E-mail: polly.bingley{at}bristol.ac.uk.

      Received for publication 12 October 2002 and accepted in revised form 21 January 2003.

      AS90, adjusted sensitivity90; AUC, area under the curve; DASP, Diabetes Antibody Standardization Program; ELISA, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; IAA, insulin autoantibody; ICA, islet cell antibody; ROC, receiver operator characteristic; WHO, World Health Organization.

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