Pharmacogenetic Analysis of Rosiglitazone-Induced Hepatosteatosis in New Mouse Models of Type 2 Diabetes

  1. Huei-Ju Pan1,
  2. Peter Reifsnyder1,
  3. Dennis E. Vance23,
  4. Qiang Xiao4 and
  5. Edward H. Leiter1
  1. 1The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine
  2. 2Group on Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  3. 3Department of Biochemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  4. 4Linco Research, St. Charles, Missouri
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Edward H. Leiter, PhD, The Jackson Laboratory, 600 Main St., Bar Harbor, ME 04609. E-mail: ehl{at}jax.org

Abstract

Although thiazolidinediones suppress hyperglycemia in diabetic (NON × NZO)F1 males, these mice exhibit unusual sensitivity to drug-induced exacerbation of an underlying hepatosteatosis only rarely experienced in human patients. To establish the pharmacogenetic basis for this sensitivity, a panel of recombinant congenic strains (RCSs) with varying degrees of obesity and diabetes was generated by fixing selected NZO HlLt alleles on the diabetes- and hepatosteatosis-resistant NON/Lt background. Four new strains in this panel were exposed to chronic rosiglitazone treatment. Only one, NONcNZO8 (designated RCS8), exhibited an F1-like hepatosteatotic response. In both the F1 and RCS8 males, this adverse effect correlated with rosiglitazone suppression of already impaired hepatic phosphatidylcholine biosynthetic enzymes in both arms of the biosynthetic pathway, the phosphatidylethanolamine methyl- transferase pathway, and the CDP-choline pathway, including choline kinase and CTP-cholinephosphate cytidylyltransferase. This adverse response was not reproduced by CL316,243, a β3-adrenergic receptor agonist with potent antihyperlipemic effects. Genome comparison showed that RCS8 differed from the other strains in carrying NZO-derived genome on virtually all of chromosome 16 and in smaller segments on chromosomes 6, 14, and 17. Thus, these RCSs present a panel of new mouse models exhibiting differential levels of obesity and diabetes as well as different drug responses. This panel can be used to screen for treatments for type 2 diabetes and its complications.

Footnotes

  • The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. This article must therefore be hereby marked “advertisement” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.

    • Accepted February 18, 2005.
    • Received December 17, 2004.
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