Activation of Central Lactate Metabolism Lowers Glucose Production in Uncontrolled Diabetes and Diet-Induced Insulin Resistance
- 1Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
- 2Toronto General Hospital Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
- 3Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
- Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. Tony Lam, MaRS Centre, Toronto Medical Discovery Tower, Room 10-706, 101 College St., Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada. E-mail:
OBJECTIVE—Hypothalamic lactate metabolism lowers hepatic glucose production and plasma glucose levels in normal rodents. However, it remains unknown whether activation of hypothalamic lactate metabolism lowers glucose production and plasma glucose levels in rodents with diabetes and obesity.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—We performed intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of lactate to enhance central lactate metabolism in 1) early-onset streptozotocin-induced uncontrolled diabetic rodents, 2) experimentally induced hypoinsulinemic normal rodents, and 3) early-onset diet-induced insulin-resistant rodents. Tracer-dilution methodology was used to assess the impact of ICV lactate on the rate of glucose production in all three models.
RESULTS—We first report that in the absence of insulin treatment, ICV lactate administration lowered glucose production and glucose levels in rodents with uncontrolled diabetes. Second, ICV lactate administration lowered glucose production and glucose levels in normal rodents with experimentally induced hypoinsulinemia. Third, and finally, ICV lactate administration lowered glucose production in normal rodents with diet-induced insulin resistance.
CONCLUSIONS—Central lactate metabolism lowered glucose production in uncontrolled diabetic and normal rodents with hypoinsulinemia and in rodents with diet-induced insulin resistance. These data suggest that insulin signaling is not required for central lactate to lower glucose production and that the activation of hypothalamic lactate metabolism could consequently bypass insulin resistance and lower glucose levels in early-onset diabetes and obesity.
- Received October 12, 2007.
- Accepted January 5, 2008.