Deficiency of Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Enhancer Protects Mice From Diet-Induced Obesity and Insulin Resistance

  1. Keqiang Ye1
  1. 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia;
  2. 2Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania;
  3. 3Program in Molecular Medicine and Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts;
  4. 4Department of Pathology and Lab Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts.
  1. Corresponding author: Keqiang Ye, kye{at}emory.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Phosphoinositide 3-kinase enhancer A (PIKE-A) is a proto-oncogene that promotes tumor growth and transformation by enhancing Akt activity. However, the physiological functions of PIKE-A in peripheral tissues are unknown. Here, we describe the effect of PIKE deletion in mice and explore the role of PIKE-A in obesity development.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Whole-body PIKE knockout mice were generated and subjected to high-fat–diet feeding for 20 weeks. The glucose tolerance, tissue-specific insulin sensitivity, adipocyte differentiation, and lipid oxidation status were determined. The molecular mechanism of PIKE in the insulin signaling pathway was also studied.

RESULTS We show that PIKE-A regulates obesity development by modulating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation. PIKE-A is important for insulin to suppress AMPK phosphorylation. The expression of PIKE-A is markedly increased in adipose tissue of obese mice, whereas depletion of PIKE-A inhibits adipocyte differentiation. PIKE knockout mice exhibit a prominent phenotype of lipoatrophy and are resistant to high-fat diet–induced obesity, liver steatosis, and diabetes. PIKE knockout mice also have augmented lipid oxidation, which is accompanied by enhanced AMPK phosphorylation in both muscle and adipose tissue. Moreover, insulin sensitivity is improved in PIKE-A–deficient muscle and fat, thus protecting the animals from diet-induced diabetes.

CONCLUSIONS Our results suggest that PIKE-A is implicated in obesity and associated diabetes development by negatively regulating AMPK activity.

Footnotes

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    • Received September 21, 2009.
    • Accepted December 21, 2009.

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  1. Diabetes vol. 59 no. 4 883-893
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