Sitagliptin (MK0431) Inhibition of Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Decreases Nonobese Diabetic Mouse CD4+ T-Cell Migration Through Incretin-Dependent and -Independent Pathways
- From the Department of Cellular and Physiological Sciences and the Diabetes Research Group, Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
- Corresponding author: C.H.S. McIntosh, .
OBJECTIVE Treatment of NOD mice with the dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor sitagliptin preserved islet transplants through a pathway involving modulation of splenic CD4+ T-cell migration. In the current study, effects of sitagliptin on migration of additional subsets of CD4+ T-cells were examined and underlying molecular mechanisms were further defined.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Effects of sitagliptin on migration of NOD mouse splenic, thymic, and lymph node CD4+ T-cells were determined. Signaling modules involved in DPP-IV-, Sitagliptin- and incretin-mediated modulation of CD4+ T-cell migration were studied using Western blot and Rac1 and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity assays.
RESULTS Migration of splenic and lymph node CD4+ T-cells of diabetic NOD mice was reduced by sitagliptin treatment. In vitro treatment of splenic, but not thymic or lymph node CD4+ T-cells, from nondiabetic NOD mice with soluble (s) DPP-IV increased migration. Sitagliptin abolished sDPP-IV effects on splenic CD4+ T-cell migration, whereas incretins decreased migration of lymph node, but not splenic, CD4+ T-cells. Splenic CD4+ T-cells demonstrating increased in vitro migration in response to sDPP-IV and lymph node CD4+ T-cells that were nonresponsive to incretins selectively infiltrated islets of NOD mice, after injection. Sitagliptin decreases migration of splenic CD4+ T-cells through a pathway involving Rac1/vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein, whereas its inhibitory effects on the migration of lymph node CD4+ T-cells involve incretin-activation of the NF-κB pathway.
CONCLUSIONS Benefits of sitagliptin treatment in diabetic NOD mice may be mediated through selective effects on subpopulations of T-cells that are related to autoimmunity.
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- Received November 4, 2009.
- Accepted March 21, 2010.
- © 2010 by the American Diabetes Association.
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