miR-200a Prevents Renal Fibrogenesis Through Repression of TGF-β2 Expression

  1. Phillip Kantharidis1
  1. 1Diabetes Division, JDRF Danielle Alberti Memorial Centre for Diabetes Complications, Melbourne, Australia;
  2. 2Muscle Biology and Therapeutics, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia.
  1. Corresponding author: Phillip Kantharidis, phillip.kantharidis{at}


OBJECTIVE Progressive fibrosis in the diabetic kidney is driven and sustained by a diverse range of profibrotic factors. This study examines the critical role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the regulation of the key fibrotic mediators, TGF-β1 and TGF-β2.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Rat proximal-tubular epithelial cells (NRK52E) were treated with TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 for 3 days, and expression of markers of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and fibrogenesis were assessed by RT-PCR and Western blotting. The expression of miR-141 and miR-200a was also assessed, as was their role as translational repressors of TGF-β signaling. Finally, these pathways were explored in two different mouse models, representing early and advanced diabetic nephropathy.

RESULTS Both TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 induced EMT and fibrogenesis in NRK52E cells. TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 also downregulated expression of miR-200a. The importance of these changes was demonstrated by the finding that ectopic expression miR-200a downregulated smad-3 activity and the expression of matrix proteins and prevented TGF-β–dependent EMT. miR-200a also downregulated the expression of TGF-β2, via direct interaction with the 3′ untranslated region of TGF-β2. The renal expression of miR-141 and miR-200a was also reduced in mouse models representing early and advanced kidney disease.

CONCLUSIONS miR-200a and miR-141 significantly impact on the development and progression of TGF-β–dependent EMT and fibrosis in vitro and in vivo. These miRNAs appear to be intricately involved in fibrogenesis, both as downstream mediators of TGF-β signaling and as components of feedback regulation, and as such represent important new targets for the prevention of progressive kidney disease in the context of diabetes.


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  • Received June 28, 2010.
  • Accepted October 1, 2010.

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  1. Diabetes vol. 60 no. 1 280-287
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