|Alcohol consumption in 1990 (g/day)||Mean increment in glycemic marker per 7.5 g/day increase in alcohol consumption from 1990–1994|
|Total adiponectin (μg/ml)||HbA1c (%)|
|Mean increment*||1.2 ± 0.3||−0.04 ± 0.02|
|Number of participants||151||267|
|<1 drink/day (0.1–14.9)|
|Mean increment*||0.5 ± 0.3||−0.02 ± 0.02|
|Number of participants||355||610|
|≥1 drink/day (≥15.0)|
|Mean increment*||−0.6 ± 0.3||0.01 ± 0.01|
|Number of participants||191||311|
*Values are mean increments (± SEM) per 7.5 g/day increment in alcohol consumption over 4 years and were calculated with a mixed ANOVA model that included terms for age, BMI, physical activity, smoking status, family history of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, cardiovascular disease, dietary glycemic load, fiber intake, trans fat intake, ratio of polyunsaturated fat and saturated fat (all energy-adjusted), coffee intake, total energy intake, and case-control status.
†Pinteraction value was derived by adding an interaction term between the 7.5 g/day increment of alcohol consumption (continuous), and initial alcohol consumption in 1990 (categorical) in the mixed ANOVA model.