Unmasking Genes in a Type 1 Diabetes–Resistant Mouse Strain That Enhances Pathogenic CD8 T-Cell Responses

  1. David V. Serreze
  1. The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine
  1. Corresponding author: David V. Serreze, dave.serreze{at}jax.org.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Nominally resistant mouse strains such as C57BL/6 (B6) harbor latent type 1 diabetes susceptibility genes uncovered in outcross to disease-susceptible NOD mice. However, identification of possible recessively acting B6-derived susceptibility genes is limited because very few F2 progeny derived from outcrossing this strain with NOD develop spontaneous autoimmune diabetes. Thus, we assessed whether a transgenic T-cell receptor (TCR) disease transfer model allowed the mapping of recessively acting B6 genetic loci that in the proper context contribute to diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS CD8 T-cells transgenically expressing the diabetogenic AI4 TCR were transferred into 91 (NODxB6.H2g7)F1xB6.H2g7 first-backcross (BC1) females. A genome-wide scan was performed for loci affecting clinical diabetes and insulitis severity.

RESULTS A major locus on chromosome 11 in tight linkage with the marker D11Mit48 (logarithm of odds score = 13.2) strongly determined whether BC1 progeny were susceptible to AI4 T-cell–mediated diabetes. Mice homozygous versus heterozygous for B6 markers of this chromosome 11 genetic locus were, respectively, highly susceptible or resistant to AI4-induced insulitis and diabetes. The genetic effect is manifest by host CD4 T-cells. Microarray analyses of mRNA transcript expression identified a limited number of candidate genes.

CONCLUSIONS The distal region of chromosome 11 in B6 mice harbors a previously unrecognized recessively acting gene(s) that can promote autoreactive diabetogenic CD8 T-cell responses. Future identification of this gene(s) may further aid the screening of heterogeneous humans at future risk for diabetes, and might also provide a target for possible disease interventions.

Footnotes

  • Received June 25, 2010.
  • Accepted January 13, 2011.

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  1. Diabetes vol. 60 no. 4 1354-1359
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