ADAMTS13 Predicts Renal and Cardiovascular Events in Type 2 Diabetic Patients and Response to Therapy

  1. for the BENEDICT Study Group*
  1. 1IRCCS—Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche “Mario Negri,” Bergamo, Italy
  2. 2Unit of Diabetology, Treviglio Hospital, Bergamo, Italy
  3. 3F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Basel, Switzerland
  4. 4Unit of Diabetology, Azienda Ospedaliera Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo, Italy
  5. 5Unit of Nephrology, Azienda Ospedaliera Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo, Italy.
  1. Corresponding author: Marina Noris, marina.noris{at}marionegri.it.
  1. E.R. and M.N. contributed equally as first author, and G.R. and P.R. contributed equally as last author of this work.

Abstract

In patients with diabetes, impaired ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 repeats, member 13) proteolysis of highly thrombogenic von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers may accelerate renal and cardiovascular complications. Restoring physiological VWF handling might contribute to ACE inhibitors’ (ACEi) reno- and cardioprotective effects. To assess how Pro618Ala ADAMTS13 variants and related proteolytic activity interact with ACEi therapy in predicting renal and cardiovascular complications, we genotyped 1,163 normoalbuminuric type 2 diabetic patients from BErgamo NEphrologic DIabetes Complications Trial (BENEDICT). Interaction between Pro618Ala and ACEi was significant in predicting both renal and combined renal and cardiovascular events. The risk for renal or combined events versus reference Ala carriers on ACEi progressively increased from Pro/Pro homozygotes on ACEi (hazard ratio 2.80 [95% CI 0.849–9.216] and 1.58 [0.737–3.379], respectively) to Pro/Pro homozygotes on non-ACEi (4.77 [1.484–15.357] and 1.99 [0.944–4.187]) to Ala carriers on non-ACEi (8.50 [2.416–29.962] and 4.00 [1.739–9.207]). In a substudy, serum ADAMTS13 activity was significantly lower in Ala carriers than in Pro/Pro homozygotes and in case subjects with renal, cardiovascular, or combined events than in diabetic control subjects without events. ADAMTS13 activity significantly and negatively correlated with all outcomes. In patients with diabetes, ADAMTS13 618Ala variant associated with less proteolytic activity, higher risk of chronic complications, and better response to ACEi therapy. Screening for Pro618Ala polymorphism may help identify patients with diabetes at highest risk who may benefit the most from early reno- and cardioprotective therapy.

Footnotes

  • Received April 8, 2013.
  • Accepted May 29, 2013.

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  1. Diabetes vol. 62 no. 10 3599-3609
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