Hydrogen Sulfide Improves Wound Healing via Restoration of Endothelial Progenitor Cell Functions and Activation of Angiopoietin-1 in Type 2 Diabetes
- 1Department of Cardiology and Center of Clinical Pharmacology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
- 2Department of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Clinical Center of Diabetes, Shanghai Institute of Diabetes, Shanghai, China
- 3Department of Pharmacology, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China
- Corresponding authors: Alex F. Chen, ; and Wei-Ping Jia, .
Impaired angiogenesis and its induced refractory wound lesions are common complications of diabetes. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been reported to have proangiogenic effects. We hypothesize that H2S improves diabetic wound healing by restoring endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) function in type 2 diabetes. db/db Mice were treated with sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), 4-hydro-xythiobenzamide group (HTB), or saline for 18 days. db/+ Mice were treated with dl-propargylglycine (PAG) or saline for 18 days. Plasma H2S levels were significantly decreased in db/db mice and restored in the NaHS and HTB mice compared with the diabetic control group. Wound-closure rates were significantly faster in the NaHS and HTB groups than in the db/db group, in which the PAG group had slower wound-closure rates. Wound skin capillary densities were enhanced in the NaHS and HTB groups. EPC functions were significantly preserved in the NaHS and HTB groups but were decreased in the PAG group. Meanwhile, EPC functions of the db/+ mice were significantly reduced after in vitro PAG treatment or cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) silencing; EPC functions of db/db mice were significantly improved after in vitro NaHS treatment. The expressions of Ang-1 in wound skin tissue and in EPCs were upregulated in the NaHS and HTB groups compared with db/db controls, but were downregulated by in vivo PAG and in vitro siCSE treatment compared with normal controls. Diabetic EPC tube formation capacity was significantly inhibited by Ang-1 small interfering RNA before NaHS treatment compared with db/db EPCs treated with NaHS only. Taken together, these results show that H2S improves wound healing by restoration of EPC functions and activation of Ang-1 in type 2 diabetic mice.
- Received March 31, 2013.
- Accepted January 26, 2014.
- © 2014 by the American Diabetes Association.
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