The Sarco-endoplasmic reticulum calcium (Ca2+) ATPase 2 (SERCA2) pump is a P-type ATPase tasked with the maintenance of ER Ca2+ stores. Whereas β cell SERCA2 expression is reduced in diabetes, the role of SERCA2 in the regulation of whole-body glucose homeostasis has remained uncharacterized. To this end, SERCA2 heterozygous mice (S2HET) were challenged with high fat diet (HFD) containing 45% of kilocalories from fat. After 16 weeks of HFD, S2HET mice were found to be hyperglycemic and glucose intolerant, while adiposity and insulin sensitivity were not different between HFD-fed S2HET mice and HFD-fed wild-type controls. Consistent with a defect in β cell function, insulin secretion, glucose-induced cytosolic Ca2+ mobilization, and the onset of steady-state glucose-induced Ca2+oscillations were impaired in HFD-fed S2HET islets. Moreover, HFD-fed S2HET mice exhibited reduced β cell mass and proliferation, altered insulin production and proinsulin processing, and increased islet ER stress and death. In contrast, SERCA2 activation with a small molecule allosteric activator increased ER Ca2+ storage and rescued tunicamycin-induced β cell death. In aggregate, these data suggest a critical role for SERCA2 and the regulation of ER Ca2+ homeostasis in the β cell compensatory response to diet-induced obesity.
- Received January 17, 2016.
- Accepted July 27, 2016.
- © 2016 by the American Diabetes Association.