TABLE 1

Clinical and biochemical characteristics of study subjects

WomenMen
n1,5961,302
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)122 ± 19127 ± 16
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)72 ± 1077 ± 9
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)57 ± 1544 ± 11
Triglycerides (mg/dl)109 (78–155)122 (86–184)
Waist circumference (in)34 ± 539 ± 4
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)93 ± 997 ± 9
Blood pressure ≥130/85 mmHg (%)3850
HDL cholesterol <50 (women) or <40 mg/dl (men) (%)3439
Triglycerides ≥150 mg/dl (%)2736
Waist circumference >35 (women) or >40 in (men) (%)3432
Fasting glucose ≥110 mg/dl (%)68
Metabolic syndrome (%)2226
BMI (kg/m2)26 ± 528 ± 4
2-h glucose (mg/dl)107 ± 28103 ± 26
2-h insulin (μU/ml)42 (26–66)39 (21–68)
Fasting insulin (μU/ml)6.3 (3.5–9.9)7.8 (4.5–12.6)
HOMA-IR (units)5.8 (4.9–7.3)6.7 (5.5–8.5)
ISI0,120 (units)26 (22–30)26 (22–31)
  • Data are means ± SD or median (interquartile range) unless otherwise indicated. Insulin levels were calculated in serum.