TABLE 5

Summary of results about direction of changes relative to controls at the end of semistarvation and after 7 days of refeeding

Semistarvation
1 week refeeding
Mitochondrial compartmentIMFSSIMFSS
Mitochondrial mass⇓ ⇓⇓ ⇓
Maximal oxidative capacity
    State 3
        Succinate
        Glutamate
        Palmitoyl CoA
    State 4
Proton leak
    Basal
    Palmitate-induced
UCP3
Oxidative damage/ defense
    Aconitase
    SOD
  • Double arrows indicate significant difference; regular arrows indicate tendency (with no significant differences); − indicates no significant difference and no tendency of a difference.