TABLE 1

Sample menus for a typical day on each intervention diet

MealLow-carbohydrate diet (7.7 MJ)Low-fat diet (7.6 MJ)
BreakfastScrambled eggs (40 g); bacon rasher, fat trimmed, grilled (20 g); hash brown, grilled (45 g)Cornflakes (40 g), bran-based cereal (7 g), semiskimmed milk (200 g), pineapple juice (250 g)
LunchWholemeal bread (72 g), cooked ham (30 g), mayonnaise (25 g)Wholemeal bread (72 g); cooked ham (60 g); mayonnaise, reduced calorie (13 g); cheddar cheese, reduced fat (20 g)
DinnerPotatoes, in skins, boiled (145 g); chicken breast in crumbs, baked (140 g); peas, boiled (95 g); carrots, boiled (70 g); gravy instant granules (4 g)Potatoes, in skins, boiled (260 g); chicken breast in crumbs, baked (120 g); peas, boiled (50 g); gravy instant granules (5 g);
Additional foodsPeanuts, roasted and salted (40 g); Brazil nuts (30 g); butter (21 g); cheddar cheese (44 g);Chocolate mousse, low fat (55 g); apple (153 g); jaffa cake (13 g); cola (150 g); chewy cereal bar (23 g); fruit yogurt, low fat (150 g); white bread, toasted (27g); strawberry jam (10 g); semiskimmed milk (300 g)