TABLE 2

Baseline clinical and anthropometric characteristics of volunteers assigned to a low-carbohydrate (n = 12) or low-fat diet (n = 12)

Low-carbohydrate dietLow-fat dietP*
Age (years)37.1 ± 8.940.5 ± 10.40.40
Height (m)1.68 ± 0.101.67 ± 0.120.25
Weight (kg)97.7 ± 14.491.5 ± 11.10.78
BMI (kg/m2)34.5 ± 4.232.8 ± 3.00.28
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)122 ± 12127 ± 150.41
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)70 ± 777 ± 90.06
Waist circumference (cm)107.0 ± 11.1105.1 ± 9.00.66
Waist-to-hip ratio0.92 ± 0.080.92 ± 0.090.90
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)5.5 ± 0.85.6 ± 0.50.74
Fasting insulin (mU/l)12.5 ± 6.211.4 ± 6.10.65
A1C (%)5.3 ± 0.35.4 ± 0.30.79
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.65 ± 1.065.00 ± 0.990.41
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.47 ± 1.082.85 ± 0.880.35
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.47 ± 0.401.40 ± 0.390.68
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.59 ± 0.551.55 ± 0.900.90
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *Between-group comparisons analyzed by independent-samples t test.