TABLE 3

Baseline daily energy and nutrient intakes of volunteers assigned to a low-carbohydrate (n = 12) or low-fat diet (n = 12)

Low-carbohydrate dietLow-fat dietP*
Energy (MJ/day)11.0 ± 2.59.5 ± 1.40.11
Carbohydrate (total energy %)40 ± 741 ± 70.92
    Starch25 ± 324 ± 50.42
    Sugars15 ± 717 ± 40.46
    Nonmilk extrinsic sugar8 ± 611 ± 40.29
Protein (total energy %)15 ± 216 ± 40.42
Fat (total energy %)40 ± 839 ± 60.66
    Saturated fat15 ± 613 ± 30.34
    Monounsaturated fat13 ± 312 ± 30.69
    Polyunsaturated fat6 ± 27 ± 20.14
Alcohol (total energy %)4 ± 24 ± 10.91
Englyst fibre (g/day)18 ± 514 ± 40.71
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *Between-group comparisons analyzed by independent-samples t test.