TABLE 4

Intervention intakes of energy and nutrients consumed by subjects assigned to a low-carbohydrate (n = 12) or low-fat diet (n = 12)

Low-carbohydrate dietLow-fat dietP*
Energy (MJ/day)7.9 ± 1.87.1 ± 1.20.25
Carbohydrate (total energy %)20 ± 0.160 ± 0.1<0.01
    Starch13 ± 1.935 ± 1.5<0.01
    Sugars7 ± 1.826 ± 1.4<0.01
    Nonmilk extrinsic sugar1 ± 0.816 ± 0.1<0.01
Protein (total energy %)20 ± 0.120 ± 0.10.66
Fat (total energy %)60 ± 0.120 ± 0.1<0.01
    Saturated fat21 ± 3.07 ± 0.7<0.01
    Monounsaturated fat21 ± 1.76 ± 0.5<0.01
    Polyunsaturated fat13 ± 2.33 ± 0.4<0.01
Englyst fibre (g/day)18 ± 0.118 ± 0.10.13
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *Between-group comparisons analyzed by independent-samples t test.