TABLE 6

Changes in serum nonesterified fatty acid levels at basal state (−30 to 0 min) and during insulin infusion (90–120 min) in response to a hypocaloric low-carbohydrate (n = 12) and low-fat diet (n = 12)

VariableLow-carbohydrate diet
Low-fat diet
Between-group P
Before dietAfter dietP*Before dietAfter dietP*
Nonesterified fatty acids (μmol/l) at basal state (−30 to 0 min)706 ± 160715 ± 1940.89698 ± 190796 ± 2090.090.33
Nonesterified fatty acids (μmol/l) during insulin infusion (90–120 min)180 ± 58213 ± 820.10244 ± 144265 ± 2100.340.78
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *Within-group comparisons analyzed by paired-samples t test.

  • †Between-group comparisons analyzed by ANOVA.

  • ‡Measured in clamp assessment.