TABLE 7

Changes in hemodynamic variables in response to a hypocaloric low-carbohydrate (n = 12) and low-fat diet (n = 12)

VariableLow-carbohydrate diet
Low-fat diet
Between-group P
Before dietAfter dietP*Before dietAfter dietP*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)122 ± 12114 ± 10<0.01127 ± 15119 ± 110.030.91
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)70 ± 765 ± 80.0377 ± 971 ± 7<0.010.73
Augmentation (mm/Hg)7.4 ± 7.18.4 ± 5.40.449.2 ± 7.48.3 ± 7.80.370.24
Aortic augmentation index (%)12.3 ± 12.214.5 ± 11.90.3217.0 ± 14.413.3 ± 16.30.040.04
Time-to-wave reflection (ms)151 ± 20156 ± 250.50152 ± 23161 ± 290.050.55
Brachial pulse-wave velocity (ms)8.3 ± 0.68.2 ± 0.70.618.1 ± 1.78.1 ± 1.51.001.00
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *Within-group comparisons analyzed by paired-samples t test.

  • †Between-group comparisons analyzed by ANOVA.