TABLE 1

Characteristics of incident diabetes case and control subjects at baseline (phase 3)

Control subjectsCase subjectsP
n2,475335
Age (years)49.1 ± 5.851.0 ± 6.1<0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)25.0 ± 3.327.1 ± 4.2<0.0001
Waist circumference (cm)83.5 ± 10.889.2 ± 12.2<0.0001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)119.5 ± 12.7123.8 ± 14.3<0.0001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)79.3 ± 9.082.2 ± 9.6<0.0001
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/l)5.2 ± 0.45.5 ± 0.5<0.0001
2-h blood glucose (mmol/l)5.3 ± 1.46.7 ± 1.9<0.0001
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)36.2 ± 28.861.5 ± 46.4<0.0001
Sex, male/female (%)73.3/26.769.9/30.10.191
Ethnicity, white/nonwhite (%)92.9/7.180.6/19.4<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SD or %.