TABLE 3

Changes in the gut microbiota upon prebiotic administration impacts on cecal, colon weight, and inflammatory markers

Ob-CTOb-Pre
Full cecum (g/100 g body wt)1.1 ± 0.131.52 ± 0.09*
Empty cecum (g/100 g body wt)0.27 ± 0.030.34 ± 0.02*
Colon weight (g/100 g body wt)0.46 ± 0.020.57 ± 0.02*
Colon length (cm)8.14 ± 0.249.63 ± 0.16*
Colon NADPHox mRNA levels1.0 ± 0.090.75 ± 0.05*
Colon IL-1 mRNA levels1.0 ± 0.140.62 ± 0.09*
  • Data are mean ± SEM.

  • *P < 0.05, as determined by a two-tailed Student t test. NADPHox, NADPHoxidase.