Table 4

Correlations of mitochondrial variables with metabolic measures in individual MZ twins (n = 80)

SATVATLiver fatAdipocyte volumeMatsuda indexHOMAfP-leptinfP-adiponectinhs-CRPAdipsin
mtDNA−0.2544−0.0835−0.1761−0.20760.2954−0.4582 * −0.2413−0.0408−0.0166−0.4007 *
OXPHOS−0.367†−0.603‡−0.420†−0.497†0.445‡−0.322†−0.1910.353 * −0.384†−0.3402 *
FAO−0.622‡−0.669‡−0.518‡−0.584‡0.669‡−0.595‡−0.519‡0.378†−0.476‡−0.4174†
TCA−0.315†−0.660‡−0.432†−0.452†0.483‡−0.388‡−0.1470.456‡−0.416‡−0.4241†
Glutaryl-CoA degradation−0.690‡−0.644‡−0.469‡−0.586‡0.634‡−0.558‡−0.543‡0.330 * −0.470‡−0.4484‡
Ketogenesis−0.661‡−0.652‡−0.480‡−0.569‡0.623‡−0.570‡−0.488†0.358 * −0.437†−0.4337‡
Ketolysis−0.657‡−0.627‡−0.478‡−0.541†0.626‡−0.587‡−0.490†0.387 * −0.437†−0.4671‡
Valine degradation−0.585‡−0.702‡−0.559‡−0.596‡0.658‡−0.638‡−0.425†0.524‡−0.486‡−0.5377‡
Leucine degradation−0.430†−0.649‡−0.485‡−0.489†0.578‡−0.506‡−0.306†0.411†−0.412‡−0.4003†
Isoleucine degradation−0.533‡−0.641‡−0.472‡−0.512‡0.602‡−0.581‡−0.391 * 0.486‡−0.430‡−0.5187‡
Tryptophan degradation−0.630‡−0.644‡−0.469‡−0.586‡0.634‡−0.558‡−0.543‡0.330 * −0.470‡−0.4484‡
  • fP, fasting plasma.

  • *P < 0.05, †P < 0.01, ‡P < 0.001.