Table 1

Baseline cohort characteristics of participants without diabetes in PIVUS-70 and ULSAM-77

PIVUSNULSAMN
Women423 (51.1)8270540
Age (years)70.2 ± 0.282777.6 ± 0.8540
BMI (kg/m2)26.7 ± 4.182726.0 ± 3.4540
CRP (mg/L) (ln transformed)0.62 ± 0.98270.67 ± 1.0540
Waist circumference (cm)90.0 ± 11.082794.6 ± 9.6540
Fasting glucose (mmol/L)5.5 ± 0.68275.5 ± 0.6540
Fasting insulin (mU/L)8.3 ± 5.08279.1 ± 8.0540
HOMA-IR2.1 ± 1.38272.3 ± 2.1540
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)*148.9 ± 22.5823150.3 ± 20.0532
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)*78.4 ± 10.082381.1 ± 9.8532
Triglycerides (mmol/L) (ln transformed)0.1 ± 0.48240.2 ± 0.4539
Subjects with comorbidities160 (19.3)827208 (38.5)540
Subjects with a 1st-degree relative with T2D115 (13.9)827100 (18.5)540
Length of follow-up (years)10.05 ± 0.178279.13 ± 0.63540
  • Data are mean ± SD or n (%) for categorical variables.

  • * Assessed in either arm at rest using the routine sphygmomanometer technique.