Table 1

Clinical characteristics of patients and newborns

Normal (n = 13)GDM (n = 7)
Maternal variables
 Age (years)24 ± 1.6 (18–36)25.53 ± 7.1 (20–30)
 Weight (kg)65 ± 4.3 (54–108)60.44 ± 10.92 (55–70)
 Height (cm)158 ± 2.2 (149–173)155.6 ± 5.35 (150–163)
 BMI (kg/m2)25.9 ± 1.2 (21–36)26.86 ± 5.4 (22–30)
 Glycemia basal at early gestation (mg/dL)73 ± 3.1 (50–90)76 ± 5.0 (70–84)
 Glycemia basal at midgestation (mg/dL)70 ± 2.6 (57–90)83 ± 3.8 (66–98)
 OGTT at midgestation (mg/dL)95 ± 5.3 (61–124)163 ± 10.5* (142–213)
 Early gestation (weeks)12 ± 2.3 (11–14)12.1 ± 1.9 (11–14)
 Midgestation (weeks)26 ± 3.0 (22–28)27.2 ± 2.6 (22–28)
 Late gestation (weeks)35 ± 3.6 (30–38)35 ± 3.8 (30–38)
 Gestational age at delivery (weeks)39 ± 1.9 (38–40)39 ± 1.8 (38–40)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)
 Early gestation107 ± 3.0 (90–120)111 ± 3.4 (100–120)
 Midgestation106 ± 3.3 (90–130)110 ± 3.1 (100–120)
 Late gestation111 ± 2.2 (100–120)108 ± 4.1 (100–120)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)
 Early gestation65 ± 2.4 (50–80)67 ± 3.5 (60–80)
 Midgestation65 ± 2.1 (50–90)68 ± 2.6 (60–80)
 Late gestation68 ± 2.9 (50–70)60 ± 3.6 (50–70)
Uterine artery Doppler (PI right and left uterine artery)
 Early gestation1.69 ± 0.16 (0.82–2.7)1.23 ± 0.14 (0.60–1.8)
 Midgestation0.87 ± 0.06 (0.56–1.2)0.75 ± 0.05 (0.55–0.98)
 Late gestation0.60 ± 0.03 (0.39–0.83)0.47 ± 0.05 (0.27–0.62)
Newborn variables
 Placental weight (g)629 ± 24 (501–731)650 ± 30 (535–730)
 Fetal weight (g)3,449 ± 141 (2,660–4,175)3,369 ± 223 (2,340–3,800)
 Fetal sex (male/female)4/46/7
  • Data are presented as mean ± SEM (range). All pregnancies were singleton, normotensive, nonsmoking, not alcohol or drug consuming, and without intrauterine infection or any other medical or obstetrical complications except GDM. OGTT glucose measure was 2-h postglucose challenge (75 g).

  • *P < 0.05 vs. normal.