TABLE 1

Comparison of baseline characteristics of type 2 diabetes case and control subjects among U.S. Caucasian women and men

WomenMen
CharacteristicsCasesControl subjectsP*CasesControl subjectsP*
n6871,051886896
Age (years)56.5 ± 6.856.4 ± 6.90.9056.6 ± 8.456.6 ± 8.50.91
BMI (kg/m2)30.6 ± 5.727.4 ± 5.9<0.000127.7 ± 4.125.0 ± 2.8<0.0001
Family history of diabetes in first-degree relatives46.622.7<0.000135.213.2<0.0001
Physical activity (MET hours/week)12.4 ± 15.115.1 ± 18.00.001614.0 ± 18.022.4 ± 28.9<0.0001
Alcohol consumption (g/day)2.87 ± 6.65.31 ± 9.6<0.000110.9 ± 16.512.3 ± 15.30.06
Never smokers42.647.80.0539.347.10.11
Postmenopausal status81.979.80.26
History of hypertension54.731.0<0.000137.817.4<0.0001
History of high cholesterol48.537.8<0.000117.511.2<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SD or percent.

  • * Variables were compared between case and control subjects using Student’s t test or χ2 test.