RR of type 2 diabetes in relation to beverage choice among drinkers: the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study, 1986–1998

BeverageRR for a 15-g increment in alcohol consumption
Age & BMI adjustedMultivariate analysis 1Multivariate analysis 2
Beer0.80 (0.70–0.91)0.70 (0.60–0.81)0.91 (0.78–1.05)
White wine0.77 (0.65–0.90)0.74 (0.62–0.88)0.89 (0.74–1.07)
Red wine0.91 (0.78–1.08)0.92 (0.77–1.09)1.01 (0.84–1.20)
Liquor0.85 (0.76–0.94)0.75 (0.66–0.84)1.02 (0.89–1.16)
  • Data are RR (95% CI). In multivariate analysis 1, RR controlled for age and BMI (seven categories each); smoking (pack-years: six categories); physical activity level; quintiles of dietary glycemic load, fiber, trans-fats and polyunsaturated fats, all energy adjusted; profession; history of diagnosed hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, coronary heart disease, or cancer; and family history of type 2 diabetes. In multivariate analysis 2, RR adjusted for frequency of total alcohol consumption as well as all covariates controlled for in model 1.