TABLE 2

Clinical features of the metabolic syndrome in NAFLD patients

Prevalence in percent (95% CI)
Obesity
 Overweight (BMI 25.0–29.9 kg/m2)67 (47–83)
Central fat accumulation
 Waist circumference >102 cm (men) or 88 cm (women)47 (28–66)
Impaired glucose regulation
 Increased fasting insulin (>100 pmol/l)57 (38–75)
 Postload hyperinsulinemia (>1,000 pmol/l)27 (12–46)
 Family history of diabetes (first-degree relatives)47 (28–66)
Hypertriglyceridemia (>2 mmol/l)47 (28–66)
Hyperuricemia (>400 μmol/l)27 (12–46)
Low HDL cholesterol (<1 μmol/l)43 (25–63)
Hypertension (>160/95 mmHg or actively treated)17 (6–35)
 Family history of hypertension (first-degree relatives)57 (38–75)
Cardiovascular disease (previous acute myocardial infarction or angina)0 (0–12)
 Family history of cardiovascular disease (first-degree relatives)*27 (12–46)
  • *

    * Male relatives <55 years of age, and female relatives <60 years of age.