TABLE 1

Characteristics of nondiabetic individuals who underwent the OGTT (all individuals)

TTGTGGGT + GGP* (3 groups)P (TT vs GT+GG)
n2688815103
Male/female (n)111/15732/565/1037/660.610.33
NGT/IGT (n)249/1979/914/193/100.640.40
Age (years)34 ± 135 ± 135 ± 235 ± 10.800.44
BMI (kg/m2)25.3 ± 0.326.7 ± 0.727.6 ± 1.326.9 ± 0.60.470.02
Waist-hip ratio0.84 ± 0.0050.86 ± 0.010.85 ± 0.020.86 ± 0.010.060.03
Body fat (%)26 ± 128 ± 131 ± 229 ± 10.020.01
Fasting serum glucose (mmol/l)4.89 ± 0.034.91 ± 0.064.83 ± 0.184.90 ± 0.050.870.91
Glucose 120 min (mmol/l, OGTT)5.51 ± 0.095.69 ± 0.165.78 ± 0.345.70 ± 0.140.510.25
Fasting serum insulin (pmol/l)47 ± 253 ± 464 ± 755 ± 40.040.02
Insulin 120 min (pmol/l, OGTT)273 ± 14320 ± 32478 ± 84343 ± 300.010.02
  • *

    * Analysis of variance;

  • χ2 test. NGT, normal glucose tolerance.