TABLE 3

Demographic and clinical characteristics of fast-track and slow-track patients with type 1 diabetes

Fast-trackSlow-trackP
Sex (M/F)10/1513/12NS
Age (years)35 ± 738 ± 10NS
Age at diabetes onset (years)14 ± 718 ± 11NS
Diabetes duration (years)22 ± 820 ± 11NS
HbA1c (%)9.2 ± 1.77.8 ± 1.20.002
SBP (mmHg)128 ± 15122 ± 10NS
DBP (mmHg)76 ± 871 ± 70.033
MBP (mmHg)93 ± 1088 ± 70.043
Hypertension (yes/no)19/66/19<0.001
Antihypertensive therapy (yes/no)15/102/23<0.001
RAS blocker (yes/no)9/162/230.017
Serum creatinine (mg/dl)1.01 ± 0.310.90 ± 0.100.006
GFR (ml · min−1 · 1.73 m−2)90.5 ± 31.9110.6 ± 14.20.007
AER* (μg/min)51.1 (4.9–4,630)5.7 (2.6–54.6)0.006
Retinopathy (none/background/proliferative)4/8/1312/11/20.037
  • Data are n, means ± SD, or median (range). RAS, renin-angiotensin system.

  • *

    * AER values reflect the median of three measurements at time of kidney biopsy.