TABLE 1

Age, BMI, and metabolic characteristics of LIS, LIR, and OIR subjects subdivided by gender

LISLIROIR
Men
n192727
 Age (years)46.6 ± 7.355.7 ± 11.553.9 ± 10.1
 BMI (kg/m2)24.1 ± 2.324.8 ± 1.430.5 ± 2.7
SI (× 10−5 min−1 · [pmol/l]−1)11.3 ± 5.24.3 ± 0.53.3 ± 1.3
 Glucose (mmol/l)5.36 ± 0.425.59 ± 0.395.77 ± 0.47
 Insulin (pmol/l)45.0 ± 19.263.6 ± 25.2*88.2 ± 69.6
Women
n373430
 Age (years)51.0 ± 8.653.0 ± 11.553.3 ± 9.5
 BMI (kg/m2)23.0 ± 2.223.8 ± 1.8#31.5 ± 3.9
SI (× 10−5 min−1 · [pmol/l]−1)10.7 ± 3.75.2 ± 1.2#3.7 ± 1.7
 Glucose (mmol/l)5.14 ± 0.33#5.28 ± 0.33**5.52 ± 0.48§
 Insulin (pmol/l)39.6 ± 16.257.0 ± 29.493.6 ± 48.6
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * P < 0.05,

  • P < 0.01,

  • P < 0.001 vs. LIS;

  • §

    § P < 0.05,

  • P < 0.01,

  • P < 0.001 vs. LIR;

  • #

    # P < 0.05,

  • **

    ** P < 0.01 for women vs. men within the group. SI and insulin were log-transformed to obtain normal distribution of the variable before ANOVA.