TABLE 2

Body fat distribution and fasting plasma leptin concentrations in LIS, LIR, and OIR subjects subdivided by gender

LISLIROIR
Men
n192727
 Waist-to-hip ratio0.87 ± 0.060.90 ± 0.050.96 ± 0.05
 Total fat area (cm2)175 ± 64264 ± 85431 ± 100
 SCF area (cm2)110 ± 51166 ± 64248 ± 87
 IAF area (cm2)65 ± 2898 ± 38*183 ± 62
 Leptin (ng/ml)3.1 ± 1.06.0 ± 3.910.1 ± 6.2
Women
n373430
 Waist-to-hip ratio0.75 ± 0.060.77 ± 0.050.83 ± 0.05
 Total fat area (cm2)185 ± 75283 ± 99517 ± 160§
 SCF area (cm2)143 ± 61208 ± 72§381 ± 124
 IAF area (cm2)42 ± 2375 ± 42§136 ± 59
 Leptin (ng/ml)10.7 ± 6.614.6 ± 6.8*32.5 ± 13.6
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * P < 0.01,

  • P < 0.001 vs. LIS;

  • P < 0.001 vs. LIR;

  • §

    § P < 0.05,

  • P < 0.01,

  • P < 0.001 for women vs. men within the group. Fat areas and leptin levels were log-transformed to obtain normal distribution of the variable before ANOVA.