TABLE 1

Clinical characteristics of type 2 diabetic patients

Retinopathy (−)Retinopathy (+)
All (P)Non-PDR (P)PDR (P)
n1181508070
Sex (M:F)61:5774:76 (NS)39:41 (NS)35:35 (NS)
Age (years)54.0 ± 15.158.4 ± 11.7 (0.0074)61.0 ± 11.4 (<0.0001)55.5 ± 11.3 (NS)
Age at onset (years)46.7 ± 14.645.6 ± 12.3 (NS)48.0 ± 12.5 (NS)42.8 ± 11.5 (NS)
Duration of disease (years)7.3 ± 6.812.9 ± 7.9 (<0.0001)13.0 ± 7.1 (<0.0001)12.7 ± 8.7 (<0.0001)
BMI (kg/m2)24.6 ± 5.323.3 ± 3.5 (0.015)23.4 ± 3.4 (NS)23.2 ± 3.7 (0.048)
Systolic BP (mmHg)134.7 ± 20.1144.8 ± 25.8 (0.0007)141.7 ± 24.9 (0.034)148.3 ± 26.6 (0.0001)
Diastolic BP (mmHg)77.2 ± 15.878.3 ± 15.7 (NS)77.5 ± 16.0 (NS)79.2 ± 15.4 (NS)
HbA1c (%)8.9 ± 2.48.8 ± 2.2 (NS)9.2 ± 2.1 (NS)8.4 ± 2.3 (NS)
Cholesterol (mg/dl)194.2 ± 41.8198.7 ± 54.2 (NS)192.5 ± 48.6 (NS)205.8 ± 59.5 (NS)
Triglyceride (mg/dl)155.0 ± 104.1159.0 ± 110.1 (NS)143.2 ± 99.0 (NS)177.3 ± 119.8 (NS)
Insulin therapy31.458.0 (<0.0001)56.3 (0.0007)60.0 (0.0001)
  • Data are n, means ± SD, or %. BP, blood pressure. Clinical data of patients were collected during hospitalization. P values versus patients without retinopathy are shown.