TABLE 1

Anthropometrical and metabolic characteristics for subjects included in the analyses

All
Group 1
Group 2
n = 55 (47 men and 8 women)n = 19 (17 men and 2 women)n = 38 (32 men and 6 women)
BasalFollow-upP*
Age (years)31 ± 832 ± 828 ± 731 ± 7
Height (cm)171 ± 7172 ± 8170 ± 7170 ± 7<0.65
Weight (kg)95 ± 24105 ± 2392 ± 2398 ± 25<0.001
Body fat (%)29 ± 832 ± 829 ± 830 ± 6<0.05
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)4.7 ± 0.64.8 ± 0.74.6 ± 0.44.8 ± 0.4<0.01
2-h glucose (mmol/l)5.8 ± 1.96.4 ± 2.55.4 ± 1.36.5 ± 1.6<0.001
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)238 ± 122275 ± 146217 ± 104244 ± 970.06
2-h insulin (pmol/l)1,014 ± 1,1581,428 ± 1,620771 ± 7511,218 ± 1,152<0.05
Insulin-stimulated glucose disposal (mg · kg EMBS−1 · min−1)2.97 ± 1.6279 ± 1.483.10 ± 1.632.7 ± 0.990.05
Adiponectin (μg/ml)6.87 ± 2.745.47 ± 1.837.58 ± 2.80
  • Data are means ± SE. Group 1: subjects who underwent skeletal muscle biopsies; group 2: subjects with baseline and follow-up measurements of insulin-stimulated glucose disposal.

  • *

    * Paired t test between basal and follow-up.