TABLE 1

Lipid levels and other characteristics in diabetic and nondiabetic men and women

nMen
Women
NondiabeticDiabeticPNondiabeticDiabeticP
9110110493
Age (years)37.8 ± 438.0 ± 40.737.9 ± 437.5 ± 40.5
Triglyceride (mmol/l)1.32 (1.0–1.7)1.03 (0.9–1.5)0.040.96 (0.7–1.3)0.97 (0.7–1.2)0.9
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.3 ± 1.13.0 ± 0.960.032.9 ± 0.832.8 ± 0.870.3
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.6 ± 0.341.7 ± 0.340.011.8 ± 0.392.0 ± 0.490.04
ApoB (mg/dl)99 ± 2884 ± 24<0.00182 ± 2078 ± 220.2
BMI (kg/m2)24.9 ± 3.425.4 ± 3.20.325.6 ± 5.625.3 ± 3.80.6
Waist-to-hip ratio0.92 ± 0.040.91 ± 0.060.30.81 ± 0.070.82 ± 0.070.1
HbA1c (%)5.3 ± 0.48.4 ± 1.2<0.0015.3 ± 0.49.1 ± 1.7<0.001
Diabetes duration (years)23 ± 7.624 ± 7.4
% hypertensive*19 ± 428 ± 50.156 ± 216 ± 40.02
% current smoking27 ± 529 ± 50.824 ± 419 ± 40.4
% menopausal7 ± 23 ± 20.2
% using hormonal contraception or HRT23 ± 419 ± 40.3
% obese7 ± 38 ± 30.821 ± 48 ± 30.02
% with albumin excretion rate ≥20 μg/min3 ± 221 ± 40.0013 ± 29 ± 30.8
% drinking >21 units/week38 ± 525 ± 40.047 ± 211 ± 30.3
  • Data are means ± SD, geometric means (interquartile range), or % (SE). P values are for the difference between those with and without diabetes, within each sex, adjusted for age using multiple linear regression. The unadjusted mean values are shown.

  • *

    * Hypertensive is defined as systolic blood perssure ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg, or on hypertensive therapy.

  • Menopausal is defined as cessation of menstruation for ≥1 year without other cause.