TABLE 3

Summary of effect sizes for adipose tissue variables in sex- and obesity-stratified models of SI, AIR, and DI, adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity/clinic, and BMI

Sex-stratified models
Obesity-stratified models
Male
Female
Nonobese (BMI <30 kg/m2)
Obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2)
β ± SEPβ ± SEPβ ± SEPβ ± SEP
SI
 Log SAT−0.2353 ± 0.0700−0.0953 ± 0.0895−0.3281 ± 0.0510−0.2316 ± 0.0674
 Log VAT−0.3811 ± 0.0551−0.3539 ± 0.0395−0.3580 ± 0.0418−0.4673 ± 0.0632
 Interaction*−0.1870 ± 0.0359<0.0001−0.1167 ± 0.04680.01−0.1653 ± 0.0328<0.00010.0536 ± 0.10830.62
AIR
 Log SAT5.1575 ± 1.96000.013.5354 ± 1.47110.023.7407 ± 0.9254<0.00015.6776 ± 2.24820.01
 Log VAT0.1756 ± 1.72440.921.2827 ± 1.13780.261.7151 ± 0.93670.07−1.8919 ± 1.81340.30
DI
 Log SAT1.3647 ± 3.07680.9500 ± 2.7243−2.2459 ± 2.04440.0189 ± 2.6138
 Log VAT−10.122 ± 1.9501−8.1781 ± 1.5737−7.3042 ± 1.4470−14.260 ± 2.0399
 Interaction*−4.3875 ± 1.67670.009−3.7647 ± 1.21400.002−2.7243 ± 1.47540.07−2.8562 ± 3.99180.47
  • *

    * SAT by VAT interaction.

  • P values not computed for main effects when interaction term is included in the model.