TABLE 3

Age-adjusted ORs* and 95% CIs for the association between CAC >0 vs. CAC = 0 and risk factors by diabetes status

Type 1 diabetic patientsControl subjects
n656764
Insulin resistance2.2 (1.7–2.8)2.0 (1.7–2.4)
Hypertensive (yes/no)1.9 (1.3–2.7)2.7 (1.7–4.3)
HbA1c (%)1.3 (1.1–1.5)1.5 (1.2–1.8)
WHR1.8 (1.5–2.2)2.1 (1.7–2.5)
Waist (cm2)1.8 (1.5–2.4)1.6 (1.3–2.1)
IAF L23 (cm3)2.2 (1.8–2.7)2.5 (1.9–3.1)
BMI (kg/m2)1.8 (1.5–2.1)2.2 (1.8–2.7)
HDL Cholesterol (mg/dl)0.7 (0.6–0.9)0.5 (0.4–0.6)
LDL1.2 (0.9–1.4)1.3 (1.1–1.6)
TC1.1 (0.9–1.3)1.3 (1.1–1.5)
Triglycerides (mg/dl)1.5 (1.3–1.8)1.8 (1.5–2.1)
Smoking ever (yes/no)0.7 (0.5–1.1)0.8 (0.5–1.2)
  • *

    * For continuous variables, ORs are per change in 1 SD;

  • insulin resistance = 1/estimated glucose disposal rate (EGDR), where EDGR = 24.31 − 12.22 (WHR) − 3.29 (hypertension) − 0.57 (HbA1c) (27).