TABLE 4

Effects of gender (men vs. women) on CAC prevalence (CAC >0 vs. CAC = 0), adjusted for covariates by logistic regression in patients with type 1 diabetic and nondiabetic control subjects

ModelParticipants
CovariatesOR (95% CI)
Type 1 diabeticControlType 1 diabeticControl
1610763Age, LDL and HDL cholesterol, smoking, diabetes duration*2.2 (1.5–3.3)2.7 (1.7–4.2)
2606753Model 1 + insulin resistance1.8 (1.2–2.7)2.1 (1.3–3.4)
3607755Model 1 + HbA1c2.3 (1.5–3.4)2.6 (1.6–4.1)
4610763Model 1 + hypertension2.2 (1.4–3.3)2.5 (1.6–4.0)
5606753Model 1 + WHR1.3 (0.8–2.1)2.1 (1.2–3.7)
6606753Model 1 + waist1.7 (0.9–2.7)2.7 (1.5–4.8)
7604762Model 1 + IAF L231.4 (0.9–2.3)1.9 (1.2–3.2)
8603760Model 1 + Hb1c, hypertension, waist, IAF L231.5 (0.9–2.5)2.7 (1.5–4.9)
  • *

    * Diabetes duration only included in models involving patients with type 1 diabetes.