TABLE 1

Phenotypic characteristics of study participants for the Marshfield, Utah, and combined samples

PhenotypeMarshfield sample
Utah sample
Combined sample
MenWomenMenWomenMenWomen
n1,1391,3285245581,3281,503
Age (years)50.9 ± 14.352.2 ± 13.855.9 ± 12.155.8 ± 11.551.7 ± 14.152.5 ± 13.6
BMI (kg/m2)28.0 ± 4.427.4 ± 6.028.1 ± 4.328.9 ± 6.428.0 ± 4.427.6 ± 6.1
WHR0.96 ± 0.060.88 ± 0.090.97 ± 0.060.90 ± 0.080.96 ± 0.060.88 ± 0.09
Subscapular skinfold (mm)19.3 ± 7.920.6 ± 10.319.8 ± 8.122.8 ± 10.319.4 ± 7.920.8 ± 10.2
Triglycerides (mg/dl)166.9 ± 123.9139.0 ± 92.7176.4 ± 114.3170.1 ± 119.6167.7 ± 120.4142.8 ± 96.6
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)42.6 ± 10.855.1 ± 14.540.5 ± 10.553.3 ± 14.442.3 ± 10.855.0 ± 14.4
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)5.7 ± 1.65.4 ± 1.35.9 ± 1.95.5 ± 1.55.8 ± 1.75.4 ± 1.3
Fasting insulin (mU/l)11.7 ± 9.910.8 ± 10.212.6 ± 9.912.5 ± 11.512.0 ± 10.210.8 ± 9.8
HOMA index3.1 ± 3.12.8 ± 4.03.6 ± 4.33.3 ± 4.33.2 ± 3.72.8 ± 3.9
PAI-1 (ng/ml)36.3 ± 41.927.4 ± 37.038.5 ± 43.433.2 ± 41.936.6 ± 41.727.8 ± 38.0
Uric acid (mg/dl)6.3 ± 1.34.8 ± 1.36.1 ± 1.35.0 ± 1.46.2 ± 1.34.8 ± 1.3
SBP (mmHg)119.8 ± 16.9115.3 ± 19.0122.3 ± 17.8119.1 ± 18.9120.1 ± 16.8115.6 ± 18.8
DBP (mmHg)71.4 ± 10.067.0 ± 9.972.2 ± 10.368.2 ± 9.671.6 ± 10.067.0 ± 9.9
Diabetes (%)5.95.39.97.06.95.5
Hypertension (%)30.826.037.035.531.426.9
CHD (%)17.55.529.610.819.05.7
  • Data are means ± SD unless indicated otherwise. HOMA index = (fasting glucose × fasting insulin)/22.5.