TABLE 1

Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in relation to diabetes and zero to one versus two to five elevated ISPs

No diabetes
Diabetes
Zero to one ISP in top quartileTwo to five ISPs in top quartileZero to one ISP in top quartileTwo to five ISPs in top quartile
n3,8081,921186135
Age (years)46.7 ± 3.647.1 ± 3.846.4 ± 4.347.5 ± 4.3
BMI (kg/m2)24.8 ± 3.124.9 ± 3.426.2 ± 4.027.9 ± 4.8
Cholesterol (mmol/l)5.6 ± 1.05.8 ± 1.15.8 ± 1.45.8 ± 1.1
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.5 ± 0.81.7 ± 1.02.3 ± 3.12.5 ± 1.7
Creatinine (μmol/l)94 ± 1994 ± 2293 ± 1393 ± 14
Systolic BP (mmHg)128 ± 15129 ± 16136 ± 17139 ± 19
Diastolic BP (mmHg)87 ± 1087 ± 1089 ± 1192 ± 12
Smokers (%)38693661
Physical inactivity (%)19242121
Self-reported diabetes [n (%)]35 (19)30 (22)
  • Data are means ± SD unless noted otherwise. BP, blood pressure.