TABLE 1

Characteristics of the subjects

Healthy subjectsDiabetic patientsP
No. of subjects129161
Sex (male/female)56/7385/760.112*
Age (years)58.7 ± 0.860.3 ± 0.60.106
BMI (kg/m2)22.8 ± 0.223.8 ± 0.30.015
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)5.17 ± 0.048.64 ± 0.23<0.0001
HbA1c (%)4.7 ± 0.18.3 ± 0.2<0.0001
Smoker (%)26.447.20.0001*
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.37 ± 0.065.29 ± 0.070.417
Plasma TG (mmol/l)1.25 ± 0.061.41 ± 0.060.061
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.64 ± 0.041.35 ± 0.03<0.0001
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.13 ± 0.063.29 ± 0.070.066
Systolic BP (mmHg)120 ± 1125 ± 10.008
Diastolic BP (mmHg)74 ± 177 ± 10.019
Serum creatinine (μmol/l)67 ± 152 ± 1<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SE. P values for continuous variables are by one-way ANOVA. BP, blood pressure; TG, triglycerides.

  • *

    * P value for prevalence is by χ2 test.