TABLE 1

Demographic, anthropometric, and biochemical characteristics in IS, IR, and type 2 diabetic subjects

VariablesAll (n = 148)IS (n = 56)IR (n = 46)Diabetes (n = 46)P
IR vs. ISDM vs. IS
Age (years)36.8 ± 11.834.8 ± 11.236.5 ± 10.339.5 ± 13.70.45940.0438
Male (%)433453370.01240.7502
Caucasian (%)668263500.02960.0006
BMI (kg/m2)28.1 ± 5.225.8 ± 4.529.2 ± 5.329.9 ± 5.10.00060.0001
WHR0.86 ± 0.080.80 ± 0.060.88 ± 0.070.90 ± 0.08<0.0001<0.0001
% Body fat30.3 ± 10.829.8 ± 12.429.4 ± 10.031.6 ± 9.50.83930.4152
Insulin (pmol/l)44 ± 3527 ± 1160 ± 4650 ± 31<0.00010.0007
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)6.7 ± 3.54.7 ± 0.34.9 ± 0.510.8 ± 3.70.5012<0.0001
GDR (mg · kg−1 · min)11.4 ± 4.215.8 ± 2.010.2 ± 1.97.4 ± 2.8<0.0001<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SD. WHR, waist-to-hip ratio. Boldface data signify statistical significance at P < 0.05. DM, diabetes.