TABLE 1

Baseline characteristics of the participants

CharacteristicCase subjectsControl subjectsP
n188377
Age (years)56 ± 756 ± 7Matching variable
BMI (kg/m2)30.7 ± 4.826.7 ± 3.5<0.0001
WHR0.95 ± 0.090.89 ± 0.09<0.0001
Sports (h/week)0.5 ± 1.10.9 ± 1.60.0100
Alcohol consumption (g/day)18.5 ± 28.216.1 ± 16.40.4678
IL-1β (pg/ml)0.57 ± 0.930.47 ± 0.790.1959
IL-6 (pg/ml)2.45 ± 1.801.67 ± 1.59<0.0001
TNF-α (pg/ml)2.04 ± 1.511.79 ± 1.280.0094
CRP (μg/ml)4.14 ± 5.12.45 ± 4.38<0.0001
Men111 (59)222 (59)Matching variable
Current smokers36 (19)80 (21)0.5661
Less than high school education83 (44)142 (38)0.1383
Prevalence of hypertension148 (79)195 (52)<0.0001
Prevalence of hyperlipoproteinemia81 (43)120 (32)0.0085
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%).