TABLE 1

Energy balance and changes in body weight and body energy stores during 2 weeks of refeeding after semistarvation in RF, WM, and AM controls

AMWMRFANOVA
Weight gain (g)87 ± 388 ± 393 ± 2NS
Fat gain (g)7.2 ± 0.8a9.3 ± 1.3a20.7 ± 0.7bP < 0.001
Protein gain (g)17.5 ± 0.416.8 ± 0.916.4 ± 0.9NS
Energy gain (kJ)677 ± 33a740 ± 68a1,171 ± 19bP < 0.001
ME intake (kJ)5,158 ± 119a4,706 ± 144b4,662 ± 20bP < 0.01
Energy expen-diture (kJ)4,481 ± 91a3,965 ± 82b3,491 ± 22cP < 0.001
Efficiency (%)13.1 ± 0.4a15.6 ± 1.0b25.1 ± 0.4cP < 0.001
  • Data are means ± SE. Values not sharing the same superscript (a, b, c) are significantly different from each other (P < 0.05). ME intake refers to metabolizable energy intake and was determined from differences between gross energy intake and the energy lost through feces and urine, as reported previously (29).