TABLE 1

Anthropometric and biochemical measurements in parents of 8-year-old children

MothersFathers
n456398
Age (years)33 (30–35)39 (36–42)
Anthropometry
  Height (cm)153.0 (150.0–157.0)165.8 (162.3–170.3)
  Weight (kg)52.0 (44.5–59.8)63.0 (55.8–70.0)
  BMI (kg/m2)22.1 (18.9–25.3)22.8 (20.7–25.4)
  WHR0.76 (0.71–0.81)0.91 (0.86–0.94)
  Body fat (%)33.6 (27.6–37.6)25.3 (21.3–28.2)
Glucose-insulin
  Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)4.8 (4.4–5.4)5.0 (4.4–5.6)
  30-min plasma glucose (mmol/l)7.8 (6.7–8.8)8.2 (6.9–9.3)
  120-min plasma glucose (OGTT) (mmol/l)5.5 (4.7–6.7)6.1 (5.0–7.7)
  Fasting plasma insulin (pmol/l)34.0 (22.0–50.0)35.0 (21.0–51.0)
  30-min plasma insulin (pmol/l)199.0 (123.0–308.5)195.0 (103.5–319.0)
  120-min plasma insulin (pmol/l)176.5 (102.7–308.2)214.0 (107.0–425.0)
  Plasma split 32-33 insulin (pmol/l)6.3 (3.9–9.8)12.0 (7.6–22.0)
  Plasma proinsulin (pmol/l)4.1 (3.0–5.8)7.8 (4.9–13.0)
  HOMA-IR1.42 (0.96–2.13)1.94 (1.15–3.10)
Lipids
  Total cholesterol (mmol/l)3.8 (3.3–4.4)4.2 (3.6–5.0)
  HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.0 (0.8–1.2)0.9 (0.7–1.1)
  Triglycerides (mmol/l)0.8 (0.6–1.2)1.2 (0.9–1.9)
Blood pressure
  Systolic (mmHg)120 (113–127)129 (122–137)
  Diastolic (mmHg)71 (65–78)77 (71–84)
  • Data are median (interquartile range).