TABLE 2

Demographics and risk factors in nondiabetic and diabetic subjects

FactorNondiabetic subjectsDiabetic subjectsP value
n1,138114
Sex (% male)51.362.30.03*
Age (years)68.8 ± 3.269.3 ± 3.00.08
Education (years)9.0 ± 4.28.5 ± 4.70.34
Hypertension (%)43.160.5<0.0001*
Coronary heart disease (%)17.433.3<0.0001*
Smoking status (%)
 Never51.344.6
 Former36.642.9
 Current12.112.50.37*
BMI (kg/m2)26.7 ± 3.928.1 ± 3.8<0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)6.3 ± 1.26.3 ± 1.40.59
  • *

    * χ2 test;

  • Mann-Whitney U test.