TABLE 2

Dissection of ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes

Ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes NID (84 [75.7%])Ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes ID (27 [24.3%])P
Men (%)57 (74.0)25 (92.6)0.011
Family history of diabetes59 (70.2)17 (62.9)0.65
Age (years)40.2 ± 9.638.8 ± 8.60.45
BMI at immigration (kg/m2)*25.4 ± 3.523.2 ± 3.40.01
BMI before symptoms (kg/m2)29.2 ± 5.126.1 ± 4.40.007
BMI at admission (kg/m2)25.3 ± 3.623.1 ± 3.60.018
HbA1c at admission (%)13.4 ± 1.913.4 ± 2.50.92
Weight loss (kg)9.8 ± 6.39.7 ± 5.41.0
Duration of symptoms (days)25.2 ± 21.616.0 ± 8.60.15
Fasting blood glucose at discharge (mmol/l)6.16 ± 1.76.82 ± 2.30.39
Insulin requirement at discharge (units · kg−1 · day−1)0.36 ± 0.250.76 ± 0.27<0.0001
Normoglycemic remission84 (100)0 (0)
Duration of insulin therapy (weeks)14.3 ± 25.9352.8 ± 92.5
  • Data are means ± SD. Normal HbA1c is <6%.

  • *

    * All patients were born in sub-Saharan Africa or the Caribbean islands, and the average length of residency in France was 14.6 ± 11.2 years.

  • Mean duration of follow-up without remission of insulin dependence and without discontinuation of insulin therapy. ID, insulin dependent; NID, non-ID.