TABLE 1

Physical and metabolic characteristics of the study populations in the cross-sectional and prospective analyses

Baseline populationProspective analysis
BaselineFollow-up
n1133434
Age (years)29 ± 7 (18–47)28 ± 732 ± 7
Body weight (kg)91 ± 19 (50–148)89 ± 2196 ± 23*
Body fat (%)31 ± 8 (14–47)28 ± 730 ± 5
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl)86 ± 10 (60–116)82 ± 788 ± 7*
2-h plasma glucose (mg/dl)118 ± 33 (51–198)98 ± 25125 ± 28*
Fasting plasma insulin (μU/ml)41 ± 18 (11–108)35 ± 1740 ± 17
2-h plasma insulin (μU/ml)194 ± 170 (17–1,101)111 ± 95205 ± 180
M (mg · kg EMBS−1 · min−1)2.68 ± 1.13 (1.41–8.2)3.15 ± 1.652.7 ± 1.06
AIR (μU/ml)263 ± 171 (57–867)278 ± 185288 ± 237
BSGO (mg · kgEMBS−1 · min−1)1.90 ± 0.28 (0.91–2.67)1.94 ± 0.291.92 ± 0.3
HGO (mg · kgEMBS−1 · min−1)0.29 ± 0.31 (0–1.33)0.38 ± 0.380.40 ± 0.37
Resistin (ng/ml)3.67 ± 1.1 (1.56–7.45)3.4 ± 1
  • Data are means ± SD or means ± SD (range).

  • *

    * P < 0.001;

  • P < 0.01;

  • P < 0.05 for baseline vs. follow-up variables (except for age) in the prospective analysis (paired t test).