TABLE 2

Participant characteristics

BRS+ (n = 10)BRS− (n = 9)CAN+ (n = 9)Normal (n = 8)P value
Male:female ratio9:19:08:17:1
Age (years)33.8 ± 2.833.4 ± 1.940.6 ± 1.733.8 ± 2.30.1
Diabetes duration (years)14.6 ± 2.216.8 ± 2.518.6 ± 2.90.51
HbA1c (%)9.1 ± 0.58.8 ± 0.39.6 ± 0.45.0 ± 0.070.44*
BMI (kg/m2)23.7 ± 0.925.8 ± 1.123.6 ± 1.124.3 ± 1.20.49
BDR443
Laser-treated DR022
PN128
  • Data are means ± SE. BDR, background diabetic retinopathy; DR, diabetic retinopathy; PN, peripheral neuropathy.

  • *

    * Excluding normal subjects.